Petourna

Wooded area opposite the present village belonging to the Community of Koukouli
Village that was disbanded several years ago and contributed to the increase in other villages of Zagoria, namely Dikorfo, Dilofo, Kapesovo, Kipi and Koukouli.
For the subsequent dissolution of the village years pariochi Petournas a point of contention between the villages Dilofo, Kipi and Koukouli for the diekdikisi it.

Tsernitsa

Where this village was, about 15 minutes away from Bagia (today's Kipoi), lay some ruins from this village. This area is today called "ruins" or "old houses". No one knows when exactly and why this village was ruined and its inhabitants left. Numerous families moved to Koukouli and Bagia. The only sure thing is that it was destroyed after 1430.

A tradition that still exists gives us some information on this subject. Apparently, the inhabitants of Tsernitsa left their village because very large snakes of tfe area used to climb up little children's cradles and choke them. However, it seems more accurate that they left mostly due to health reasons, since the area was dark and moist. Perhaps other reasons contributed to their destruction.

According to Lampridis, the word Tsernitsa stands for "Black earth".

K. Lazarides "My village, Koukouli", (1973), p 36.

Treatry of Voinikos

Treaty signed in 1430 AD between Kara Sinan Pasha and 14 villages in Zagoria which sought independence, self-government and exemption from payment of taxes.
The Kara Sinan Pasha had considered the spontaneous capitulation of the 14 villages very crucial for the surrender of the Castle of Ioannina and for this reason he granted autonomy and self-government to  these villages and instead of paying taxes the villages had to send every year in Istanbul a number of men,  proportionally with  the population of each village, for a period of  50 days in order to serve as horses grooms in the stables of the Sultan (Voinak = horses groom and  voinikides = conscripts).
Many voinikides when their mandate settling in Istanbul ended,  they invited there their relatives who  later quickly spread to Wallachia, Russia, Asia Minor, Serbia, Austria, Bessarabia and elsewhere. There they thrive and create a large property.
This institution lasted until 1670 when the villages of  Zagoria   managed  to pay only taxes instead of giving military service men to Pasha .
In the beginning Koukouli had to send 7 men for that purpose and later  had to pay  a certain monetary amount.

Traditions and legends

1. However, such a legend survives on the establishment of my village Koukouli of Zagori, which i had often heard from elders of the village during my childhood.
They said that the Koukouli village was not built initially on the place that it is now but at a very distant place and on the edge of the forest today called "Petourna". At that time the villagers grazed their goats on the current position of the village .
One day a shepherd while grazing the livestock of the village noticed that when some goats were going to a certain stand of brambles and undergrowth they were getting out from there with their mouths wet.
He had not suspected the existence of water in this part and therefore hastened there , and having set apart the undergrowth, he saw with astonishment an icon of the Mother of God and heard an eerie voice saying: " Bring the village here" .
The horrified shepherd ran and announced to the villagers what he saw and heard.The villagers leaded by the priest went immediately there and found the icon of the Virgin.Below the icon cool water was cooming out of the ground.
This in short is the tradition of how the village was established .
The residents obeyed to the message of the Mother of God and relocated the village at the place where it currently is.
The certain icon of the Virgin which had been found by the shepherd is now positioned over the Beautiful Gate in the large village church. This icon is now covered by silver with the expenses of a godfeared villager. Now only her face is visible.
This icon was often carried into the houses of the village, when a member of a family was at risk due to a severe disease.
In honor of the miraculous icon an annual Feast of the Life Giving Fountain was established and on the spot that the icon was found a Chapel was built, just over the nowadays known as the '' Manthos Dimotsos tap'' (built 1771)..... 'Ipirotiki Estia'' Volume ΙΙΙ(1954), pages 703-70403 - 704) .....

 

2.The site were the village lies now was in the old days a pasture.
There, the residents of another village called Tsernitsa used to graze their animals . This village was more or less at a distance of an hour walking east of Koukouli and a bit beyond the Baya (= Kipi) village.
This village, i.e. Tsernitsa does not currently exist.
It has been dissolved for many years now.
One day a shepherd from Tsernitsa lost a goat. He searched allaround to find it.
Eventually he found the missing goat hidden in a dense bramble, from which a bit of water was coming out.
The shepherd enetered the hideout of the goat to pull it out and he found an icon of the Virgin which came from the church of Tsernitsa.
He took the picture and went to put it back into its normal position in the church of Tsernitsa.
But what a strange thing!
The icon again left the church and it was found again in the bramble. And once again was brought back to the church. But again the icon left and came into the wet bramble.
The simple minded people have considered this as a miracle and therefore they abandoned Tsernitsa village and came to built the village of Koukouli, according to the divine will.
On the wet bramble they built a church which has been dedicated to the memory of Life Giving Fountain, known by the generic name "PANAGIA"(Virgin).
In this church the residents of the village hοld a festive official worship every first Friday after Easter, while the whole village celebrates "....K. Lazaridis 'Folklore' Volume III, (1966), p.167